LISTERIOSIS

So, today is the 9th day of March, 2018.

In the course of this week, news filtered out about a disease outbreak in some parts of South Africa. Although, there has been no report of the disease’ presence in Nigeria, it is expedient that we understand what the disease means and what can be done to prevent it. After all, that is why you have us here.

There has been 948 cases of listeria poisoning in South Africa reported since January 2017, according to Reuters – which the UN calls the largest outbreak ever. – BBC

LISTERIA INFECTION (LISTERIOSIS)

It is caused by Listeria monocytogenes, an environmental bacteria that contaminates food such as poultry, dairy products (such as cheese), hot dogs.Pregnant - Baby bump

Pregnant women, newborns, older adults, and immunosuppressed individuals ( due to drugs, HIV/AIDS, diabetes mellitus, or  alcohol misuse) are particularly at risk.

Outbreaks have been associated with soft cheeses, undercooked chicken, fish or meat.

In pregnant women, it causes fever, muscle pain, along with infection of the amniotic fluid (chorioamnionitis) that may result in abortion, still birth and/or  infection in the newborn (neonatal sepsis).

In neonates and immunosuppressed adults, it can cause a wide spread disease affecting body systems, without focal symptoms, and meningitis similar to other bacterial meningitis.

SYMPTOMS

Symptoms may include high temperature, flu-like symptoms, vomiting and diarrhoea. Most people infected display no symptoms, but elderly and very young people are vulnerable.

TREATMENT

Treatment with a combination of certain medications is usually effective. Early presentation to your doctor is key to a good treatment outcome.

PREVENTION

Prevention is by proper treatment/ cooking of dairy, poultry and meat products before consumption.

 

Got questions? Consult DoctorKK right here.

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