Monkey Pox? What about it?
Monkey Pox is caused by a virus, orthopox virus, same that causes cowpox and camelpox. It is similar to human small pox but it is milder .
How is it transmitted?
It is transmitted to people from various wild animals via
- Handling of infected monkeys
- Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals
Thereafter, from one person to another via
- Direct contact with body fluids and /or contaminated bedding
- Large respiratory droplets
The duration between exposure to the virus and manifestation of symptoms (incubation period) is 6 to 16 days, but can range from 5 to 21 days.
How does it present?
From 0 to 5 days, there could be
- Intense headache
- Enlargement of lymph nodes (very important)
- Back pain
- Muscle pain
- Generalised body weakness
Skin eruptions occur within 1 to 3 days after the appearance of fever at the following areas
- Palms and soles of the feet
Crusts occur over the lesions in about 10 days. It may take about three weeks before crusts start to disappear.
Avoid contact with infected persons
Ensure proper hygiene, hand washing is very important
Infected persons should be isolated
Small pox vaccine prevents against it.
Prevention is better than cure, however early presentation, if you notice any of the symptoms, is key to adequate recovery.
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