Diabetes mellitus (DM) refers to a group of features characterized by a high glucose level in the blood (hyperglycemia), as a result of a relative or absolute deficiency in insulin.

Insulin is required in the breakdown  of glucose, protein and fat in the body. When it is not available in sufficient amount therefore, there would be a problem with this breakdown .

Diabetes mellitus is classified into various types, the common ones being type 1, type 2, and gestational (occurring in pregnancy).

Emphasis would be on type-2 DM in this post.

Risk factors include:

  1. Obesity, particularly central obesity
  2. Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  3. High level of bad cholesterol (LDL) in the blood
  4. Family history of type 2 DM
  5. Overeating especially when combined with obesity and less activity
  6. Sedentary lifestyle Age.
  7. Commoner in the middle-aged and elderly.


Avoiding the risk factors would translate to a decreased probability of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus

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